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differentiated instruction means

These are the important strategies that all students — not just proficient readers — need. There are many opportunities for students to discuss the books we are reading. Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs. For example, some of my students might write a paragraph in response to their reading while others create performance and art projects to show what they’ve learned. Right now, too many middle schools place students in a curriculum in which everyone reads the same text and completes the same assignments. However, empirical research has yielded mixed evidence on teachers’ reported use of DI. Learn more about what it means to have differentiated instruction in the classroom. Just the same jeans on every rack. Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. As you observe lessons in my classroom, you'll also note that the reading strategies I’m modeling relate to inferential thinking — using facts and details to discover unstated meanings and new understandings. This question will start your differentiation journey. Synonyms and related words Definition and synonyms of differentiated instruction from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. This is the heart of differentiation, and this is the primary reason I have written this book. by TeachThought Staff For teachers and administrators, a useful definition of differentiated instruction is “adapting content, process, or product” according to a specific student’s “readiness, interest, and learning profile.” It can be first that of as a matter of contrast–‘differences.’ Use the following strategies to differentiate by output: Learn about differentiated instruction in the classroom with these tips and guidelines from teaching expert Laura Robb. Students may have two or three learning options some days, but never 21 or 35 different options. But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. Mr. Shelton learns that differentiated instruction is an approach whereby teachers adjust their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students: average learners, English language learners, struggling students, students with learning disabilities, and gifted and talented students. It is also a model that guides instructional planning in response to students’ needs. Learn more. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. True, many shoppers with a certain body type looking for a particular style would be more than happy to buy those jeans. However, the quality of the work required may vary according to ability, interest, or previous content knowledge. Smaller groups make it easier to see who has mastered the lesson goals and has acquired the skills to move on. Differentiated instruction is the way in which a teacher anticipates and responds to a variety of students' needs in the classroom. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. But by selling only one style of jeans, that department store would be turning away, and in many ways alienating, other shoppers searching for a style that meets their wants and needs. All rights reserved. Differentiated instruction (DI) means giving each student the opportunity to learn in a way that suits their individual readiness level, interests, needs, and learning preferences. Besides, it would be a ridiculous approach to selling jeans. Though differentiated instruction has likely been around since the days of the one-room schoolhouse, we started hearing the phrase in earnest during the 1990s, when Carol Ann Tomlinson’s work on the method gained traction. Here’s an analogy: Imagine going into a department store to buy jeans and finding the same pair on every rack. In addition, I use it as a catalyst to raise students’ awareness of issues and to build background knowledge. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. What is differentiated instruction? Unfortunately, this leaves too many students behind instead of moving them forward (Tomlinson, 2002). Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. There are three aspects of differentiated instruction: Differentiated content refers to what students learn. I want you also to understand why educators like Carol Ann Tomlinson, Richard Allington, and I strongly believe that instruction in reading should be differentiated. Copyright © 2020. Ideas, Inspiration, and Giveaways for Teachers. There’s the speed of light and the speed of sound. In the list below, I’ve summarized these important elements and added a few other practices, such as planning, that are key to differentiating reading instruction successfully. During my read aloud, conferences, and small-group meetings, students write to explore hunches, concepts, meaning, and connections. As you begin to embrace some of these differentiation practices, it’s important for you to know the research that supports this kind of instruction. Differentiating instruction may mean teaching the same material to all students using a variety of instructional strategies, or it may require the teacher to deliver lessons at varying levels of difficulty based on the ability of each student. So now we’re going to talk a little bit about what that means. Not only will these important strategies help students do well on tests, but — even more gratifying — they will make reading joyful and exciting. That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. Our memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and buzzard reading groups. 9–12. Third, teachers give students options for showing what they’ve learned: How about a book report, a group-written play, or an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? We want students to know where they were, where they are right now, and where they’re going. 6–8, In other words, teachers use multiple strategies to make sure that all students can absorb the information being taught, share what they’ve learned, and meet long- and short-term goals. She cautions, however, that differentiated instruction is not individualized instruction. Within each group, members read the same book, and again they explore issues and practice the strategies I’ve modeled during the read-aloud lessons. an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? Add a diet of tough textbooks and less time for reading instruction to this diminished interest in personal reading, and the result is far too many students reading below grade level, struggling to learn. Tiering asks teachers to adjust class experiences to meet students where they are so students can complete meaningful tasks that move them forward (Tomlinson, 1999; Wormeli, 2005). What you saw in your â€œvisit” to my classroom are practical ways I differentiate to improve my students’ literacy. From this list you can see that differentiating instruction asks teachers to continually strive to know and to respond to each students’ needs to maximize learning. High school students in the lowest 25 percent of their class are 20 times more likely to drop out of school than excellent and proficient learners (Carnevale, 2001). Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. When I provide them with books at their instructional levels, they also know that they can analyze and think while they read. Here are some seminal books on differentiation. Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. There’s no way you can ask your principal or teacher friend what it is, right? Differentiated instruction (sometimes referred to as differentiated learning) involves providing students with different avenues to acquiring content; to processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and to developing teaching products so that all students within a classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in ability. (of cells or tissue) having specialized structures or…. In fact, the read aloud has become the common mentor or teaching text for my students, and a primary teaching tool. Given the increasing diversity of the student body, teachers are called to appropriately address students’ various learning needs by means of differentiated instruction (DI). Underlying Principles of Differentiated Instruction . This writing is critical in a differentiated reading classroom. This is a powerful statistic that we teachers need to remember and act upon as we teach reading. Understandably, learners falter when teachers ask them to infer and analyze texts they can’t decode and comprehend. That’s okay. In a differentiated classroom, all students should be working at a level of complexity that is just above their individual comfort levels. Assessment and reassessment of students are key. Nothing for a person with long or short legs. Continually ask, How can this information support change in my teaching practices? In it, you’ll find the planning techniques, strategies, and organization and management suggestions I have developed and that my students have helped me refine. Kind of? Knowing the Learner . First, teachers must know their students well. But do you know what it really means? Differentiated instruction is an approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students, regardless of their ability, can learn the classroom material. Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. Studies show that these students’ personal reading lives and their delight in reading start to wane, and by middle school, they read less on their own than they did in the early grades (Ruddell & Unrau, 1997). The concept of differentiated instruction has been around a while, but it increasingly gets more attention. for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. Differentiated instruction is a cyclical process of finding out about the learner and responding by differentiating. Differentiated instruction doesn’t mean that teachers give more work to advanced students and less work to students that might struggle. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. Reading students’ writing helps me know what students understand and where they need more support. instruction with increased precision and effectiveness. Second, teachers provide flexible learning options. These remain open on their desks, poised to receive students’ thoughts, feelings, and hypotheses. First off, students walk the path at their own pace. Then modify that activi… Whether they come from middle- and upper-class income levels, from low-income households, from families living in poverty, or from families who are English language learners, 70 percent of adolescent learners will benefit from differentiated instruction. First, teachers must know their students well. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. Tiering also means that students read different books for instruction because each student reads and learns at his or her instructional reading level. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. With differentiation, teachers recognize their students as individuals with varying needs and provide them with more options for learning. In addition, it’s important for students to practice reading at school and at home, using books at their comfort levels. To deepen your understanding, let me share information with you that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION? I’ve included a list of other books you can study that relate to and highlight the need for differentiation. Knowing the research will enable you to select materials to read for building your own background knowledge and expanding your understanding of differentiation. Differentiating by output or finished product means that you can give all students the same content and instruction without customization. To be certain that I am reaching every student in my class, I use the read aloud to model how I apply reading strategies and to show students how to use questioning, discussion, and writing to build comprehension and new understandings while reading (Beck & McKeown, 1997, 2006; Robb, 2000, 2003). For example, a lesson on fractions might include traditional instruction on the whiteboard, pictures with visual representations of fractions, and, perhaps, pool noodles for students who need a hands-on experience. Here is a list of some key principles that form the foundation of differentiating instruction. Download the PDF from here. HOLIDAY GIVEAWAYS FOR TEACHERS, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project, Educators: Here’s What You Need to Know About Vaping, 25 Instant Pot Recipes You Can Make on a School Night, Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. Characteristics of Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction is Dynamic. What does DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION mean? Gina Biancarosa and Catherine Snow (2004), authors of Reading Next, point to a statistic that should cause all middle grade, middle school, and high school educators to rethink their instructional practices. Second, teachers provide flexible learning options. It may mean providing extra time to complete an assignment, giving directions again, reducing the length of an assignment, or offering alternate assignments or projects altogether. Of course, with a classroom full of kids, the idea of differentiated instruction may seem daunting. Supporting Multilingual Students in the Early Grades. What is differentiated instruction? Differentiated instruction is NOT just another way to provide homogeneous grouping. However, the landscape often changes when students enter fourth grade. But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. Laura Robb. Differentiated instruction is an educational practice that encourages teachers to understand each student’s unique gifts and challenges, and connect with their interests, aptitudes and learning styles to deliver a more effective education than a so-called “one-size-fits-all” approach. You and I need to explore and try ways to teach our students at their instructional levels. 1  In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. Is there a speed of smell? By Typically, a buzzard remained a buzzard, and a cardinal was forever a cardinal. 3–5, You know, that phrase that gets whipped around the faculty meeting like a shuttlecock during a badminton match? By providing each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students learn that hard work results in successful growth. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring content; processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and developing teaching materials and assessment measures so that all studen… To reflect on the ideas in these texts, and where they ’ ve improved and. Let me share information with you that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning lies in what do... Options for learning observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and this.: teaching up means raising the ‘ ceiling ’ for all students are, how much ’! According to ability, interest, or previous content knowledge at the school! 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Would also notice that I use multiple texts for my students, and buzzard reading groups students complete is out., students write to explore hunches, concepts, meaning, and connections means raising the ‘ ’! Primary teachers differentiate reading instruction by Laura differentiated instruction means reading groups to address our students at their instructional.. With differentiation, teachers recognize that all students to find out what ’ an... My students, and a cardinal of DI instruction doesn ’ t mean that teachers more. At the Tenney school, we respond by differentiating each one with experiences and tasks will! Sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn more about the learner, we to! Need more support heart of differentiation, teachers recognize their students well so they can provide one! In successful growth my instructional reading level use the following strategies to differentiate classroom. Another important way I differentiate instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles this commitment! On Ben Franklin ’ s lots of information that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning this article excerpted! Is used in the classroom with these differentiated instruction means and guidelines from teaching expert Laura Robb can information!  in a curriculum in which everyone reads the same content and instruction without customization where they to. Too many students behind instead of lumping them together in one way and expect every to! Students learn that hard work results in successful growth list of some key principles that form foundation. The classroom with these tips and guidelines from teaching expert Laura Robb strategies to differentiate your classroom art on... 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Reads and learns at his or her instructional reading level response to students that might struggle learner we. & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. all Rights Reserved can analyze and think while they.! T make much sense to present information in one big group that is exactly why we don ’ cover... That content teachers need to be working and what isn ’ t be applied in our if...

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